Welcome to a website providing access to Ted Greiner’s papers

This website is the brainchild of my wife, Denise Arcoverde. She created the first version in Geocities already in 1997. On the upper right side is a panel of categories or topics which the various papers deal with. There can be many categories marked for each paper.

Below that on the right is a list of dates. Only one date is marked for each paper.

A few papers are written directly into the site. A few others are Word documents. Most are pdf documents. Many of these are scanned, especially for older papers which were typed on paper, not written on computers.

Each paper is preceded by a graphic which has something to do with the topic. Many are art work, handicraft items, or statues, usually with a breastfeeding theme, that I bought over the past 35 years when working or touristing in various countries.

Rebuilding the breastfeeding culture in East Asia

This is the power point presentation from a talk I gave for iLactation which was available during the month of October, 2012. Click here to access the ppt file.

Vitamin A Wars: the Downsides of Donor-driven Aid

Growing leafy greens in India


This paper was published on a website here.

Nutrients of concern in exclusively breastfed infants

This is a powerpoint presentation I gave at the 7th Neonatal Conference, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, on February 21, 2012. Click here to access the ppt file.

The Free Lunch Is Always an Effective Marketing Tool: Why WIC Must Change

The mothers of about half the babies born in the USA are offered free infant formula, paid for with tax revenues via the Women, Infants, and Children’s Supplemental Feeding Program, WIC. This dooms the majority of them to receive formula most of the time if not from birth. This is more the result of infant formula company lobbying than wise public health policy-making. It would be simple to fix. Just charge something for the formula, if less than for the cheapest commercial alternative (which at least used to be evaporated milk). If there is concern that these women will not be able to afford it, provide them with more money via welfare. The point is not to deprive them or their babies but to ensure than bottle feeding costs money and breastfeeding does not–just like is the case for everyone else.  Click here to access the full text of this letter to the editor of Breastfeeding Medicine.

Informed choice in infant feeding decisions can be supported for HIV-infected women even in industrialized countries

This article argues that even in industrialized countries HIV-infected women should be allowed to choose how to feed their babies rather than being coerced into artificially feeding, as is now the practice nearly everywhere. This is because when they are on anti-retroviral drugs, have no measurable viral load, and exclusively breastfeed, the risk of HIV transmission is likely similar to the risk of death from not breastfeeding. Unlike what most health professionals and policy-makers assume, this risk is not zero. In fact, in the USA, not breastfeeding is the seventh largest cause of infant death. Click here to access the article.

Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial of Guava Juice as a Source of Ascorbic Acid to Reduce Iron Deficiency in Tarahumara Indigenous Schoolchildren of Northern Mexico

This was the first research to show that it was possible to improve iron status simply by adding a source of food rich in vitamin C (fresh guava juice). Click here to access the pdf.

Vitamins and minerals for women: recent programs and intervention trials

This invited review article covers a lot of territory, but its main focus is on the large recent literature on the impact of multimicronutrient supplementation to women during pregnancy in low-income settings. At this time the overall picture presented by the data does not appear to justify recommending it over existing standards of care, which usually include iron and folic acid.

View the pdf file here.

Draft guidance for the marketing RUSFs for children plus comments

A wide range of newly emerging products, called ready to use supplemental foods (RUSF) or lipid-based nutritional supplements (LNS), offer a tailored, nutrient-dense food supplement for the treatment of moderately malnourished children with low risk of contamination. While their use by development agencies for specific program purposes is still under exploration, there is a risk that the private sector will exploit all the good press and “buzz” these new products are creating to start marketing them for profit. These draft guidelines are an attempt to reign in such activities BEFORE they become harmful, ingrained and linked to local vested interests. Sadly, the UN, especially WHO, which needs to take this on for it to have any real impact, has so far not taken up the issue. Click here to access the guidelines, comments on them, and responses to those comments.

Letter to the editor of Food and Nutrition Bulletin about an article by Prof Michael Golden

This is a letter to the editor of Food and Nutrition Bulletin directed to Prof Michael Golden with his response. It deals in part with an issue I have long been interested in, but which is still poorly researched–how much of the early nutritional stunting that commonly takes place in developing countries is due to a failure to exclusively breastfeed? Click here to access a pdf of these letters.

Image: an early advertisement definitely NOT encouraging exclusive breastfeeding!