Archive for the Category » Africa «

Vitamin A Wars: the Downsides of Donor-driven Aid

Growing leafy greens in India


This paper was published on a website here.

Draft guidance for the marketing RUSFs for children plus comments

A wide range of newly emerging products, called ready to use supplemental foods (RUSF) or lipid-based nutritional supplements (LNS), offer a tailored, nutrient-dense food supplement for the treatment of moderately malnourished children with low risk of contamination. While their use by development agencies for specific program purposes is still under exploration, there is a risk that the private sector will exploit all the good press and “buzz” these new products are creating to start marketing them for profit. These draft guidelines are an attempt to reign in such activities BEFORE they become harmful, ingrained and linked to local vested interests. Sadly, the UN, especially WHO, which needs to take this on for it to have any real impact, has so far not taken up the issue. Click here to access the guidelines, comments on them, and responses to those comments.

Kenya Infant Feeding Assessment

This reports on two studies done with funding I applied for from USAID Kenya. The purpose was to examine the infant feeding patterns of infants exposed to HIV and to observe the infant feeding counseling the mothers received, as well as doing interviews with a sample of mothers. Click here to open the pdf file.

Tanzania national survey on iodine deficiency: impact after twelve years of salt iodation

This paper reports on the first national survey on iodine deficiency in Tanzania, conducted on over 140,000 school children, including a measure of iodine content of household salt, goiter prevalence and urinary iodine measures on a subsample of 4523. Click here to access the pdf file.

Improved salt iodation methods for small-scale salt producers in low-resource settings in Tanzania

This study was part of the research Vincent Assey did for his PhD at Bergen University (begun at Uppsala). It developed, in the field, methods for standardizing salt iodation among small producers using spray bottles and backpack sprayers. These simple technologies are the way forward, not the use of cement mixers and other intermediate scale equipment which cannot be maintained by producers surviviing on such small profit margins in such isolated areas. Click here to open the pdf file.

Sustainable universal salt iodization in low-income countries — time to re-think strategies?

This paper is another of the important studies done by Vincent Assey in his indefatigable efforts to tackle iodine deficiency disorders, a huge public health problem in his native Tanzania.

Click here to download the pdf file

Photo by Vincent Assey

Postpartum AFASS assessments to support appropriate timing of cessation of breastfeeding

This is a power point presentation I gave in Dubai at the 1st Regional Conference on Human Lactation:
Breastfeeding for Healthier Generations. HIV and infant feeding policy making has come far in the past few years, but as of mid 2008, there is still a lot of confusion about when an HIV+ mother who is breastfeeding should stop. More importantly, how should the decision as to whether it is acceptable, feasible, affordable, sustainable and safe (AFASS) to stop be taken?

Click here to download the presentation.

Remaining challenges in Tanzania’s efforts to eliminate iodine deficiency

This paper is one of several that compose the PhD research done by Vincent Assey, a very dedicated Tanzanian scientist working at the Tanzania Food and Nutrition Centre.

Click here to download the pdf file.

Photo by Vincent Assey.